Wheat, whose oldest evidence dates back 10,000 years, is the second oldest grain after barley. Approximately 5,000 different wheat varieties are available worldwide, and the wheat is cultivated on an area of approximately 220 million hectares.
Wheat is an essential nutrient used in the production of flour and feed. Wheat is divided into three main groups as hard red group, durum wheat group and milling wheat for bread (soft) group.
As nutritious golden, wheat grains are used in bread, pasta, beer, pizza and animal feed production. Its shell can be separated or ground with its shell. After the harvest, hay bales are obtained from wheat as a fodder product.
Most of the world's population lives being bound on wheat as a traditional grain and basic food ingredient.